How to Install a Wireless Phone Charger in Your Project, Video: Building a Bathroom Vanity With Drawers - Part Two, High-quality brands and products you can trust, Expert advice and free post-purchase support, Exclusive, innovative products that help you Create with Confidence, Detailed instructions, technical specs and guides to make the most of your purchases. If you’re like most of us, the minute a newly finished project is dry enough to handle, you pick it up to proudly examine your accomplishment. But some rubbed out finishes are easy, and don’t take a long time. That process is called rubbing out. The best finishes to rub are the evaporative finishes, shellac and lacquer. Lacquer, Shellac, Water-Based Finishes: 1 week Hand-rubbing a polyurethane finish with fine sandpaper or pumice can overcome poly's "plastic" or "removed" look, and bring back some of the wood's natural tone. Just roll it out and use the raking light to make sure the surface is completely covered. For international returns, please click here. Popular Post; Charles Neil 19 Posted February 21, 2014. I sanded the area smooth then shot it with the spare. October 19, 2005 . Then go for a gentle rubbing out of the polyurethane finish. The reactive finishes (varnish and polyurethane) and coalescing finishes (water based) are more difficult to rub out. Approach rubbing a finish as you would cutting your first dovetail joint. Ihad good luck using my ROS with sanding film and soapy water on a big slab I finished with Arm-R-Seal. If for any reason you are not satisfied with the merchandise you ordered, just return it within 90 days to receive a refund in the manner of original payment. Using lubricant slows down the cutting action of the steel wool, but it also makes it harder to judge how much finish you are taking off. Varnish (including polyurethane varnish) cures tough and scratch resistant, but it is the most difficult finish to rub to an even sheen—precisely because it is so scratch resistant. You can use the abrasives you're already using, but another tip you might like to try is to use the rough side of brown paper. Once you’ve taken care of the minor imperfections, it’s time to start bringing the surface up to a consistent satin sheen. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. You can rub out all types of film forming finishes, including shellac, lacquer, oil based varnish and polyurethane, waterbased coatings and catalyzed or conversion coatings. Wool Lube is formulated specifically for use with steel wool, and helps make a smooth, even sheen easy to achieve. In order for this finish to work properly you need to use the proper polyurethane. But as we mentioned above, advanced rubbing out is more involved; if you’re new to it, we recommend further research. Quick Tip! I want to find out the same thing as the communion table I made for my church keeps getting small particles in it no matter what I do. as you work, shine a light at a low angle across the surface. Prepare your workpiece A glass-smooth finish begins with a level, even surface. Hand-rubbing a polyurethane finish with fine sandpaper or pumice can overcome poly's "plastic" or "removed" look, and bring back some of the wood's natural tone. The final satin surface appeals to the eye and hand. A finish that has not cured will not be my walnut coffee table i've had for years and years was finished with 4 coats of polyurethane and i NEVER use coasters. Most of our tabletops are finished with polyurethane varnish. Rubbing out a finish means working it with a mild abrasive such as pumice or steel wool. After rubbing out, the wood does not appear to be plastic coated. Unfortunately not. In the photo below, you can see what we are looking for when buffing. Those of you who have heard of rubbing out a finish may associate it with hours and hours of painstaking work and difficult to master techniques known only to members of organizations with names like “The Absolutely Secret Society of Buffers and Polishers”. The abrasive produces extremely fine, uniform "scratches" that go in the direction of the wood grain, helping to hide both brush marks and the "orange peel" texture common to sprayed finishes. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Great Write up! You'll know the surface is flat when it appear dull, with no shiny spots. The reason for this is because Polyurethane varnish was originally designed for floors and has a primary quality of abrasion resistance. Those of you who have heard of rubbing out a finish may associate it with hours and hours of painstaking work and difficult to master techniques known only to members … Anyway, here’s a general guideline for wait times. You … Rubbing Out Shellac by Paul T. Radovanic (email extract) Basically, "rubbing out" means the same thing as "sanding the finish". Simply take a piece of 0000 steel wool, and put a small lump of wax on it. This is most important for a successful rubout. Don’t freak out when you see the finish right after you lay it down. Once the **varnish has dried and cured for a few days (depending on the varnish you use), you can rub out the finish. You’ll find a few resources for learning the more advanced techniques at the end of this post. Wipe-On (also called oil-based) polyurethane blends the best of both worlds of finishing: the high durability and protection of polyurethane with the simple wipe on application of an oil finish. Wipe away the rubbing slurry frequently to check your progress, and stop as soon as you have a consistent satin sheen. Once you have sprayed polyurethane onto the wood surface, let it sit overnight. Rubbing out the finish. Then we buff with an abrasive pad. Fortunately rubbing to a satin finish is easier:1--Sand the surface flat so there are no ridges, brush marks, depressions, dust specks, etc. Rubbing out a finish is the last step in finishing and the object is to remove imperfections, even out and smooth the surface, and establish a consistent sheen to the finish. Here's the process in a nutshell. It is harder, more durable and dries more quickly than varnish. Oh now I see this post is extremely dated. For these items, please call the store where you purchased them or our customer service department at 1-800-376-7856 so we can assist you. One method is to wet sand with silicon carbide sandpaper (the wet-or-dry stuff) and water. Make Your Polyurethane Finish Thick Enough. Multiple coats fuse together into one layer, and they cure brittle and hard. Water-based finishes can be a bit difficult to rub to a high gloss, especially finishes that contain a high percentage of urethane resins. You have to wait until the finish is fully cured. However, it dries too fast for all the little laps and strokes to flow and level themselves on a top large enough for dining. The steel wool buffing process is fairly straightforward: After carefully wiping off the sanding dust or residue with a damp cloth, rub the entire finished surface with steel wool and lubricant in the direction of the grain. If it's well cured you should have no trouble rubbing out a polyurethane finish. I have two areas with very glossy halos I need to soften to the original lacquer satin finish. Perhaps after the fix your wife will see you as genius instead of the current death treat. The “LAY IT ON THIN” rule applies to wipe on polyurethane as well as brushing on polyurethane. What type of abrasive pad and liquid compound do you use for the wet buffing ‘final’ stage? It looks terribly uneven, but the highs to lows (glossy to dull) are only a few ten thousandths apart. the last layer of polyurethane and start over. Unlike water-based polyurethanes, you don't have to worry about drips or brush marks. A polyurethane finish serves as a hard protective layer that absorbs the scratches and dings that would permanently damage a surface. 1. With the lid in place, the poly will remain fresh for a couple days. Rubbing a thick finish With a thick finish (6 to 10 or more coats), start with 400- or 600-grit abrasive paper torn into quarters and wrapped around a backing block. Your order will come with a return form with convenient instructions, or you may send your returns directly to Returns Department, Rockler Woodworking and Hardware, 4365 Willow Drive, Medina, MN 55340. Add more wax to the steel wool as necessary. This compound will make your wood a glass-like finish on to the clear coat. Rubbing out with steel wool leaves microscopic scratches. ( Log Out /  Sand the surface flat. My hat is off to Gary and his crew for the work. Dip your rag into the finish, squeeze out the excess and wipe on. You'll want to use OIL based polyurethane, not WATER based polyurethane. How to Apply Polyurethane, Oil-based Polyurethane Wood Finish; Re-staining Over Previously Stained Woodwork; Restoring Wood Trim Finish Without Stripping; Wood Finishing Paste Wax ; The Hand Rubbed Satin Finish – Part 3. Once the **varnish has dried and cured for a few days (depending on the varnish you use), you can rub out the finish. The clumps of dried finish that quickly collect on uncoated, un-lubricated sandpaper are called “corns” and will damage the surface of the finish. Go to a heavier grit if surface irregularities are not fully removed. After the final coat dries for 48 hours or more, we wet sand it with water and 400 grit sandpaper. Rubbing out a poly finish can be done, but as you suspect, there's a hazard built in because of the difference in the finish. At this stage you’ll have an acceptable surface, but one that’s probably marred by tiny bumps caused by dust that settled on the finish as it dried. Thin happens in two ways. Quick Tip! Just roll it out and use the raking light to make sure the surface is completely covered. And, while the result will not appear much different from satin lacquer or varnish, it will make the finish feet satin-smooth. "Rubbing out" is an abrasive process so poly will fight it. By hand-rubbing your lacquer finish, you can take it one step further and give it a mirror-like shine. This is just abrasive enough to take most nibs off without the risk of rubbing through the finish. Attach yellow buffing pads to the rubber backer using the center washer nut, or replace the original pad with a hook-and-loop aftermarket pad. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. This breaks up the light reflecting off the surface. To reveal flaws (bubbles, brush marks, etc.) Let it be, and it will flatten out. Jeff Jewitt’s, Great Wood Finishes and Bob Flexner’s, Understanding Wood Finishing both have excellent sections on rubbing out a finish, along with everything from detailed information types and properties of wood finishes to the basic finishing “dos” and “don’ts” that every woodworker should know. Finish with 1500-grit paper. After a few days, the solvent will begin to degrade the plastic, so don’t use plastic for long-term storage. Additionally, how do you fix an uneven polyurethane finish? The lubricant helps to float away grit and abraded materials and to reduce the size of the scratches made by the wool, allowing for a deeper sheen. No doubt there is a lot of fear generated by the concept of sanding and rubbing a clear finish that’s only six-thousandths of an … Polyurethane is a reactive finish; the finish is actually in layers. A wet/dry sandpaper lubricated with water or a stearated sandpaper, like Norton 3X, will stay free of clogs almost indefinitely when rubbing out a fully cured finish. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The wax will “warm up” the look of the finish, increase the sheen, and help protect the surface from scratches. From the second you start rubbing the finish, you start to improve the surface tremendously. How to rub out a polyurethane finish. Rubbing out a finish is the last step in finishing and the object is to remove imperfections, even out and smooth the surface, and establish a consistent sheen to the finish. Rockler Mixing Mate® Paint Lid, Gallon Size - Stir, Pour, and Store! Short of educated scrutiny, the finish is indistinguishable from the oil finish on our chairs. Polyurethane brings out the natural beauty of the wood grain. In reality, simply applying a few coats of clear finish and waiting for them to dry rarely leads to a smooth, consistent look. These days, after drying and inspecting, we usually don’t have to go back to work over areas that are polished too little. 8. Once the area is clean, now apply the Polyurethane finish on the piece, apply the even coat of the Polyurethane finish it is very important to make the long strokes, for the full coverage overlap the edges, then if there is any excess stain wipe it off and then let it dry. Rubbing out the finish. When you apply the final coat of clear wood finish to a project, are you “finished”? We can’t see what we are doing. The un-touched glossy varnish is broken up by the duller patches leveled by the wet sanding. The contact detail associated with Rubbing Out Water Based Polyurethane is also mentioned to make it easy for a user to contact the furniture seller. This compound will make your wood a glass-like finish on to the clear coat. Then experiment on them to get a feel for rubbing out. Nobody likes to go back and do it again. You can use spray polyurethane to get a flawless appearance on the wood. This allowed the first coat to be absorbed easily and the final coat to be very thin and hardly noticeable. It is also relatively easy to apply and comes in both spray and brushable forms. The best finishes to rub are the evaporative finishes, shellac and lacquer. Remember that steel wool can cut through a finish, too. Film hardness is the quality in a finish that produces the best results when rubbed. Start with one of the old pieces of the 240-grit sandpaper you used to sand between coats earlier, then wrap it around a block of … Even after a finish dries to the touch, there is an additional period of time before the finish is up to full hardness. Building enough coats to be able to rub out. Hand-rubbing also removes dust nibs (the inevitable dust particles picked up during the finish application) and brush marks and other surface imperfections. When you do, you’ll probably notice that the finish isn’t perfect. Finish the test boards at the same time you’re finishing your tabletop. Price: Cdn. The fact that the finish is lacquer will make the restoration far simpler than urethane or varnish. Polyurethane is the toughest, most flexible, least obtrusive, and most durable clear-coating available. Let the finish fully cure! First by diluting the polyurethane itself and second by applying very thi Brush on three thin coats with a foam brush. Pro Tip: Don’t keep working the finish. Ideally, using an alkyd or phenolic resin varnish that contains no poly is the best way to have a hard finish (poly is actually softer, too) that you can rub out to get a sheen less than high gloss or to level and even out the gloss for a mirror shine. 3902 posts in 4554 days #2 posted 02-05-2011 06:59 PM . There are a couple ways to identify whether or not you've got water based or oil based polyurethane. Ideally, using an alkyd or phenolic resin varnish that contains no poly is the best way to have a hard finish (poly is actually softer, too) that you can rub out to get a sheen less than high gloss or to level and … For a small project, a basic satin finish rub-out can be accomplished in less than an hour. Fortunately, there is a way that just about ANY finish can be improved and it happens well after the final coat is applied. It gives him a better feel for how much finish he’s taking off and makes it easier to avoid sanding through the finish. The process is called “rubbing out”, and serves the purpose of getting rid of minor imperfections in a surface film finish, such as varnish or lacquer, (sometimes) leveling the finished surface, and establishing a consistent sheen. It forms a protective finish that is as hard as glass. Then lightly sand it, dry, with 400 or 600 grit paper. Using Mirka Royal Micro sandpaper, always start with 1500-grit sandpaper. $94.95 + applicable taxes + shipping and handling . poly isn't really a bad finish. HomeRight Finish Max Fine Finish HVLP Sprayer, January 2021 Woodworker's Journal Free Plan: Dog Feeding Station. Create . It is a beautiful finish guys. Like every other aspect of finishing, it should be practiced on scrap first. The table shown here is made of figured cherry that has been finished with General Finishes Arm-R-Seal satin polyurethane, applied with a foam brush (see Sources, page 66). Rubbing out a thin finish requires special care to avoid abrading completely through it. With each scratch or scuff, however, the polyurethane gloss begins to dull, eventually becoming dirty and worn looking. You can use spray polyurethane to get a flawless appearance on the wood. To remove the gray mark, use 400-grit sandpaper, wet with lemon oil or mineral oil, and give the table a light sanding. It’ll look like it’s full of flaws. DRY/WET BUFF WITH ABRALON POLISHING DISCS. I was applying wood carvings to this beautiful panel when the carving slipped and ruined the finish. Sand the uneven finish using fine-grit sandpaper. Allow even more time when the relative humidity remains above 80%. Use these sample pieces to make sure the finish is properly cured and ready to rub out. There are several techniques by Jeff Jewitt of Homestead Finishing Products: DRY BUFF WITH MIRKA ROYAL MICRO PAPER. This is why leveling is the pre-buffing step required next. Here's a demonstration on how to rub out a finish after you've put your last coat of finish on your project. Rubbing out is nothing more than abrading the surface until it’s nice and smooth. Very glossy halos i need help getting two shiny halos out of a quarter... Dust to settle and requiring 24-48 hours between coats presented here of resistance. Plan: Dog Feeding Station to cut through a finish rubbing out polyurethane finish looks like baby powder finished 4! 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