And unfortunately, that is exactly what they did. What was the weather in Pretoria on 14 February 2013? the General Declared, Defining the Union's "Hard War" Strategy." General Sherman’s March to the Sea, also known as the Savannah Campaign, was conducted through Georgia from November 15 to December 21, 1864. ‘With untiring zeal,’ Union veteran George Ward Nichols wrote in an account of the campaign, ‘the soldiers hunted for concealed treasures’ and confiscated jewelry, plate and other valuables in addition to food. While cutting supply lines during a war is a common tactic and is devastating to the invaded citizens, living off the land was especially destructive and had a profound psychological impact on the Southerners who were in the March’s path. These began to be known as “Sherman’s Neckties” and were found all along the path where the Army had marched. Living off of the land required that Sherman’s Army forage food and supplies from the Georgian civilians. He had a lot more soldiers than General Hood who only had 51,000. “. This shows how the industrial cities in Georgia soon came to be ineffective during Sherman’s march as they had no efficient way to export their goods with all of the important railroads destroyed in Georgia. There are a couple of things that people get wrong about Sherman's March To The Sea. "Sherman's March to the Sea: A Military Triumph Left a Bitter Legacy (Posted 2014-09-14 18:14:54): "I can make Georgia Howl!" Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333, Demon of the Lost Cause: Sherman and Civil War History. Log in Sign up. This destruction of Savannah was to “make old and young, rich and poor, feel the hard hand of war”. In total, Sherman ended up destroying over 300 miles of railroad tracks and also destroyed many buildings or bridges used for transportation in Georgia. Destroying railroads helped the war effort in preventing Confederate resupplies from the industrial cities in Georgia. Such broad generalizations may assuage wounded Southern pride, but they also rewrite history. The March William T. Sherman to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and concluded in Savannah on December 21, 1864. Former Southern Brigadier General Clement A. Evans asserted, for example, that there was no force available to obstruct Shermans soldiers. Sherman became infamous for this sort of leadership that was indifferent to the suffering of others. It started with Sherman’s army leaving the decimated city of Atlanta on November 16, 1864 and came to an end on December 21 with the capture … (8) Page 70, Carr, Matthew. Prior to his famous march to the sea, General Sherman led 100,000 men into the southern city of Atlanta. Grant ordered him to “clear the country” ahead of him and to form black regiments when he had encountered enough former slaves (he didn’t do this). Sherman’s Tactics: Strategy and Total War, The March to Sea lives in infamy not only because of its success, but because of the harsh and controversial tactics deployed by Sherman and used by the entire Union Army. Copyright © 2021 Multiply Media, LLC. You could also mention the profound and lasting effect that had on Southerners in Georgia. Asked by Priscilla9. Sherman's March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign or simply Sherman's March) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. Eventually, General Sherman began his famous March to the Sea. Sherman used this destruction to his full advantage, crippling the entire supply chain. shermans march to the sea. Favorite Answer. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. How much money do you start with in monopoly revolution? “‘With untiring zeal,’ Union veteran George Ward Nichols wrote in an account of the campaign, ‘the soldiers hunted for concealed treasures’ and confiscated jewelry, plate and other valuables in addition to food. Sherman’s March to the Sea Major General William Tecumseh Sherman was a contradiction embodied. (6) Mitchell, Robert B. I have to do this for a powerpoint presentation project in my U.S. History class. These moves would allow Sherman to assist Grant in his main goal of forcing Robert E. Lee to surrender. shermans march. Though, the tactics on the March provided needless violence and destruction that would have not impacted the outcome of the war, such as looting houses for jewelry, destroying food that couldn’t be carried, and slaughtering livestock at farms, which took away from Southern civilians instead of Confederate troops. (2) Page 1, Carr, Matthew. English Bill of Rights. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Other articles where March to the Sea is discussed: American Civil War: Sherman’s Georgia campaigns and total war: …15, he commenced his great March to the Sea with 62,000 men, laying waste to the economic resources of Georgia in a 50-mile- (80-km-) wide swath of destruction. It was so effective that he did not actually need to take the other cities in Georgia on his way to Savannah. Destruction of a Railroad by the Union Army in Georgia (1864). Oddball Answer has 2 votes Oddball 20 year member 13 replies Answer has 2 votes. Sherman had accomplished his mission. The march did not hit every place in Georgia. He felt that this With no specific guidance on what to take or how much, except taking “liberally”, the troops could justify taking almost anything. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. "Sherman's March to the Sea: A Military Triumph Left a Bitter Legacy (Posted 2014-09-14 18:14:54): "I can make Georgia Howl!" Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. In turn with living off of the land, Sherman had a specific plan for the railroads along the march. Sherman became infamous for this sort of leadership that was indifferent to the suffering of others. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Almost nothing was spared, and traditional rules applying to civilians caught in the path of war were simply not followed. Even with only needing food to complete the march, this quote from Nichols, who witnessed soldiers taking these actions, shows that Sherman was indifferent to the plundering that was occuring. Demon of the Lost Cause: Sherman and Civil War History. Sherman never showed much interest in discipline during his March, and almost took pride in humiliating the civilians in his path. Sherman's march to the sea brought the Civil War home to Southern civilians. ‘It was all fair spoil of war,’ Nichols wrote, ‘and the search made one of the excitements of the march’” (6). Sherman's psychological warfare of destruction had a major effect on the outcome of the war. (3) Page 29, Moody, Wesley. The march lasted a little more than a month. The Atlanta campaign was a series of battles fought in the Western Theater of the American Civil War throughout northwest Georgia and the area around Atlanta during the summer of 1864. Also, according to Carr in Sherman’s Ghosts, along with the Savannah being in a strategic position, it also allowed for Sherman to resupply with the US Navy, as Savannah is along the coastline(3). ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333, (6) Mitchell, Robert B. (7) Page 70, Carr, Matthew. The Washington Post, Sep 14 2014, ProQuest. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. It actually ends in Savannah. the General Declared, Defining the Union's "Hard War" Strategy.". He never punished soldiers who decided to take valuables from Confederates not for use in war, but just because the opportunity presented itself. His first goal was to completely destroy every railroad that he encountered on his march(8). While repositioning towards Savannah, Sherman decided to cut all supply lines and let his troops live off of the land(4). The March to the Sea, which culminated with the fall of Savannah in December 1864, cut a swath of torn-up railroads, pillaged farms and burned-out … Few became casualties, but many lost property and felt demoralized. He never punished soldiers who decided to take valuables from Confederates not for use in war, but just because the opportunity presented itself. 3 Answers. In this video, we ask how bad was it? In total, Sherman ended up destroying over 300 miles of railroad tracks and also destroyed many buildings or bridges used for transportation in Georgia. One of the most infamous campaigns of the Civil War was William Tecumseh Sherman's march through Georgia to the Sea. All Rights Reserved. In summary, Sherman deployed relentless tactics on this march, focusing completely on the needs of the Union Army and hindering resources that could be used for the Confederate war effort. (5) Page 58, Carr, Matthew. “Sherman’s soldiers also targeted Georgia’s agricultural production, burning barns and storehouses containing food supplies that they didn’t need for themselves, and shooting or bayoneting livestock that they couldn’t take with them” (7). Atlanta, Georgia Sherman captured Atlanta on September 2, 1864 (The Civil War at a Glance) He used it as a supply base until he burned it down in November (American Pageant 468) November 15, 1864 to December 21, 1864 (The Civil War at a Glance) image 2 Strategies the Union forces , The New Press, 2012. What was the outcome of Sherman's march to the sea? Relevance. Despite this important Union victory, the Confederate government and many of its citizens remained committed to the war effort. Were the results of General Sherman's march to the sea during the Civil War of America considered positive for the South or the North? After capturing Atlanta, Sherman decided that he would march his Army to Savannah. These moves would allow Sherman to assist Grant in his main goal of forcing Robert E. Lee to surrender. “The effectiveness of this strategy was demonstrated by the complete collapse of gunpowder production at the Augusta powder factory during the march”(10). The March to Sea lives in infamy not only because of its success, but because of the harsh and controversial tactics deployed by Sherman and used by the entire Union Army. proclamation of 1763. With no specific guidance on what to take or how much, except taking “liberally”, the troops could justify taking almost anything. Through his March to the Sea, he became the first general in the nineteenth century to use total war against an opponent. , The New Press, 2012. The March to the Sea: Sherman’s Total War Strategy to Save the Union Depending on geography, William T Sherman has gone down in the annuals of history as either one of the most hated or most respected generals of the Civil War. Living off of the land required that Sherman’s Army forage food and supplies from the Georgian civilians. Vote for this answer. Also go anywhere in Georgia and Sherman's men looted this person or that person's great/ great grandfather plantation. While repositioning towards Savannah, Sherman decided to cut all supply lines and let his troops live off of the land(4). Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. Choose from 82 different sets of shermans march flashcards on Quizlet. Answer Save. Sherman's March to The Sea Outcome Outcome of Sherman's March to the Sea Outcome of Sherman's march to the Sea By: Bella Burke The South was destroyed and so were their resources. And unfortunately, that is exactly what they did. On November 15, 1864, Union General William T. Sherman begins his expedition across Georgia by torching the industrial section of Atlanta and pulling away from his … What was the outcome of Sherman's march to the sea. “Each corps was to carry provisions for ten days and forage for three days in its supply wagons, while soldiers were expected to ‘forage liberally on the country’ to make up the rest.”(5). 11 Terms. Sherman used this destruction to his full advantage, crippling the entire supply chain. He captured Savannah, 285 miles (460 km) from Atlanta, on December 21. Sherman's march to the sea was followed by a similarly devastating march through the Carolinas early in 1865, but the message to the South was clear. Question #80527. rachybaby . SETS. General Sherman finally gained control of the city of Atlanta on September 2, 1864. Sherman's March to the Sea: Justified Brutality. While cutting supply lines during a war is a common tactic and is devastating to the invaded citizens, living off the land was especially destructive and had a profound psychological impact on the Southerners who were in the March’s path. “Each corps was to carry provisions for ten days and forage for three days in its supply wagons, while soldiers were expected to ‘forage liberally on the country’ to make up the rest.”(5) This resulted in destruction of tons of private property from Atlanta all the way to Savannah, as the order gave permission for the troops to take what they needed from the Southern civilians. (10) Page 70, Carr, Matthew. The march actually began in Atlanta and did not end there. Standard histories of Major General William T. Shermans celebrated March to the Sea invariably portray the Confederacys response as inconsequential. “. Sherman’s March to the Sea devastated Georgia and the Confederacy. This campaign was under the leadership of Major General William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Troops marched from Atlanta to Savannah burning the town. Union Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman invaded Georgia from the vicinity of Chattanooga, Tennessee, beginning in May 1864, opposed by the Confederate general Joseph E. Johnston. This resulted in destruction of tons of private property from Atlanta all the way to Savannah, as the order gave permission for the troops to take what they needed from the Southern civilians. The Union won, and General William T. Sherman was happy. Engraving depicting brutality of Union troops along the path to Savannah. There were only a few Confederate cavalry and Georgia militia to oppose him. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. He waged total war on the South, bringing complete devastation to the South. Explain the purpose and the outcome of Sherman’s March to the Sea. 2020 . The effectiveness of this strategy was demonstrated by the complete collapse of gunpowder production at the Augusta powder factory during the march”(10). According to contemporaneous Confederate accounts, Sherman's March to the Sea was a hideous form of “total war.” Yankee savages — particularly Sherman's … His vision of hard war brought the Confederacy to its knees, but forestalled thousands of battlefield and civilian deaths. After the March, Savannah’s position was used to allow Sherman to capture the Carolinas and if needed invade Virginia. University of Missouri Press, 2011. These were direct orders from General Sherman. These were direct orders from General Sherman. He wanted the railroads destroyed in a specific way so that the Confederates could not rebuild the tracks quickly after he had left Georgia. Web. The troops didn’t cause total destruction they just hoped to scare the civilians by taking livestock and food. The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). Sherman’s troops lived off the land and directly targeted farms, factories and railroads — and more — as military targets. The citizen's lost their confidence. Lincoln The March to the Sea After sending Thomas and Schofield back to Tennessee, Sherman had 62,000 soldiers. William T. Sherman to the Sea, the most destructive campaign against a civilian population during the Civil War (1861-65), began in Atlanta on November 15, 1864, and … He defeated Confederate General John Hood at the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864. He eliminated Atlanta's war making potential and brought sheer destruction to Georgia, then offered generous surrender terms. The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). Does whmis to controlled products that are being transported under the transportation of dangerous goodstdg regulations? ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Learning Outcome: Students will be able to use sourcing, contextualization, and corroboration to present conflicting perspectives about Sherman’s use of total war. It also made Sherman a brute to many Southerners and a hero to Union supporters. There were approximately 3,100 casualties, 2,100 of which were Union soldiers, and the countryside took years to recover. It was so effective that he did not actually need to take the other cities in Georgia on his way to Savannah. Sherman had his troops heat up the rails enough to bend them around the nearby trees(9). (4) Page 1, Carr, Matthew. This march is known as Sherman’s March to the Sea. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. Sherman, one of the most successful Union generals during the American Civil War, devastated the Confederacy by leading more than 60,000 soldiers in a flanking march through Georgia and the Carolinas in 1863 and 1864. Known as "Sherman's March to the Sea," the campaign through Georgia effectively eliminated the region's economic usefulness to the Confederate cause. His tactics have remained controversial. The outcome was the Union. Loveliz7. , along with the Savannah being in a strategic position, it also allowed for Sherman to resupply with the US Navy, as Savannah is along the coastline(3). How did shermans march to the sea contribute to the outcome of the civil war? His forces followed a "scorched earth" policy, destroying military targets as … Sherman's march to the sea . Sherman, one of the most successful Union generals during the American Civil War, devastated the Confederacy by leading more than 60,000 soldiers in a flanking march … Almost nothing was spared, and traditional rules applying to civilians caught in the path of war were simply not followed. (9) Page 70, Carr, Matthew. What is the balance equation for the complete combustion of the main component of natural gas? Sherman intended his March to the Sea to break the will of the Confederate population. Also, according to Carr in. Even with only needing food to complete the march, this quote from Nichols, who witnessed soldiers taking these actions, shows that Sherman was indifferent to the plundering that was occuring. How did shermans march to the sea contribute to the outcome of the civil war? After the March, Savannah’s position was used to allow Sherman to capture the Carolinas and if needed invade Virginia. Southern civilians who owned these farms had to deal with Sherman’s troops taking it upon themselves to ruin the economy as a way of ruining support in the South. In Virginia, desertions in Robert E. Lee's army increased. was reelected as President. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. This shows how the industrial cities in Georgia soon came to be ineffective during Sherman’s march as they had no efficient way to export their goods with all of the important railroads destroyed in Georgia. After capturing Atlanta, Sherman decided that he would march his Army to Savannah. please - 17138629 Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, The New Press, 2012. What was the legacy of the outcome of Sherman's March to the Sea? On September 1, 1864, Sherman and his army captured Atlanta, Georgia, an important transportation center in the Confederacy. ‘It was all fair spoil of war,’ Nichols wrote, ‘and the search made one of the excitements of the march’” (6). When did organ music become associated with baseball? The March to Sea lives in infamy not only because of its success, but because of the harsh and controversial tactics deployed by Sherman and used by the entire Union Army. 12 Apr. 1 decade ago. After capturing Atlanta, Sherman decided that he would march his Army to Savannah. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/lib/michstate-ebooks/detail.action?docID=1826333. Sherman's Ghosts : Soldiers, Civilians, and the American Way of War, , The New Press, 2012. The Army destroyed railroads, farms, and houses- gobbling up  food and confiscating jewelry looted from civilians. The entire purpose of this maneuver was to reposition the Army in a strategic position to trap General Lee(2). The campaign began with Sherman's troops leaving the captured city of Atlanta on November 15 and ended with the capture of the port of Savannah on December 21. Not only were Confederate homes not safe from Sherman and the Union Army, the plantations were also targeted. Sherman never showed much interest in discipline during his March, and almost took pride in humiliating the civilians in his path. The American Way of war, the New Press, 2012 video, we ask how was! A Major effect on the South 's Ghosts: Soldiers, civilians, and traditional rules applying to civilians in. Sea devastated Georgia and the American Way of war, the New Press, 2012 of natural gas war potential! And civilian deaths 3,100 casualties, 2,100 of which were Union Soldiers civilians! Money do you start with in monopoly revolution, factories and railroads — and more — as targets... 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